An Important Concept in Human Behaviour and Basis of Psychotherapy Ms. Machita Madgata Naidu, Class XI O, Department of Psychology, Sai International School, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.
Psychoanalysis is defined as a set of psychological theories and therapeutic techniques that have their origin in the work and theories of Dr. Sigmund Freud and Dr. Carl Jung.
The core idea at the center of psychoanalysis is the belief that all people possess unconscious thoughts, feelings, desires, and memories.
The idea of psychotherapy evolved from witnessing physicians encouraging patients to talk through their problems to help relieve them of stress, emotional outbursts, and anger.
Dr. Freud took the above concept a step further by closely analysing the behaviour and personality or “psyche” of a patient and termed this as Psychoanalysis, a novel method of understanding the patient’s psyche, thus making the sessions more productive at solving issues by talking and working out mental health problems.
Dr. Jung described that the collective unconscious was also more dominant factor in the development of human personality. He believed that the unconscious played more of a role in controlling our thought process. According to him there are two personality types: Introvert : someone who keeps to themselves and is emotionally self-sufficient; Extrovert: someone who is outgoing and use their psychological power to draw people towards them.
The project is aimed at understanding the theories of psychosexual development, mental structures, psychopathology, symptom formation, and psychotherapy.
Procedures and Methods:
Learning and researching Psychoanalysis, and representing the followings in a diagrammatic way:
Sigmund Freud and his theories
Stages of Psychosexual development
Defense mechanisms used to rationalise thoughts
Carl Jung’s concept of personality types
Panel: Stages, Definitions, Dr. Sigmund Freud (Austria, 1865), and Dr. Carl Jung (Switzerland, 1875).
Psychoanalysis plays an important role in the development of psychology.
It influences the approach to the treatment of mental health issues and continues to exert an influence in the psychology.
Various mental health disorders can be managed by psychoanalysis, which include Depression, Self-destructive behaviour, Phobias, Generalized anxiety etc.
The principal outcomes of psychoanalytic therapy is to bring unconscious material into consciousness and enhance the functioning of the EGO, helping the individual become less controlled by the biological drives or demands of SUPEREGO.